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Psychoanalysis is a method of psychotherapy developed by Sigmund Freud in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The goal of psychoanalysis is to explore and understand the unconscious mind and its impact on behavior, emotions, and relationships. The method involves analyzing the patient’s thoughts, feelings, and experiences, with a particular focus on childhood experiences and relationships with parents and other family members. The therapist helps the patient to uncover repressed emotions, desires, and conflicts, and to gain insight into their underlying causes. This process can be lengthy and intensive, often requiring multiple sessions per week over a period of several years. Psychoanalysis has been influential in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy, and has been adapted into various other forms of therapy, including psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.