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Iconography refers to the study and interpretation of symbols, images, and motifs in art. In Surrealism, iconography played an important role in the creation of dreamlike and often mysterious images that conveyed hidden meanings and messages. Surrealist artists often used symbolic and archetypal imagery, such as the human body, animals, and religious iconography, to create works of art that explored the depths of the unconscious mind. The use of iconography in Surrealism allowed artists to create complex and multi-layered works of art that challenged traditional notions of representation and meaning.